Central America

Welcome to RUTA.  A website about Central America and Central American culture.

Where is Central America located?

Central America is located between North and South America. It is technically a region on the southern tip of North America. Central America stretches from Mexico in the North to Panama in the South.  A small region of Colombia is often considered to be in Central America. Colombia is however not considered a Central America since most of the country is located in South America.

The Caribbean islands are sometimes included in the term Central America.  This is incorrect and the Caribbean is not a part of Central America.

Which countries are located in Central America?

central americaCentral America consists of the following countries.

Central American Culture

Central America is home to various cultures that is a mix of Indian tradition and tradition brought by the European Settlers.  All of the cultures in the area is very friendly. You can find more information about the local culture in our different country guides.

Central American Economy

Most Central American countries are underdeveloped, with a large number of poor people.   The economy is largely dependent on tourism, agriculture and commodities.  Most of the countries in the area are very dependent on the prices on the global commodity market.  High market prices mean substantially higher income for these countries than lower market prices.

Central American fauna

Central America features a very diverse fauna and flora.  The area includes dry areas as well as rain and cloud forest.  The area features animals from both South and North America.  Among the most iconic species that is found in the area, you find Macaws, Toucans, Sloths, Tapirs and cappuccino Monkeys.


Visiting Central America

Central American countries are friendly and many of the countries have a well-developed tourist industry.

Costa Rica and Belize are to destinations that are known for their nice hotels and the stunning nature.  Both countries feature untouched rainforest and pristine beaches.  Belize is English speaking while Costa Rica is Spanish speaking.

Nicaragua is a good option for the budget traveller.  Nicaragua can offer everything that neighbouring Costa Rica can offer but at a fraction of the cost.  Nicaragua is a cheap country to stay in while Costa Rica often can be expensive even by US standards. I Personally find Miami to be cheaper than Costa Rica once all expenses have been calculated.

Honduras and El Salvador are not suitable tourist destinations due to high crime rates.